Malaysia’s recipe for disaster

education.jpgThis has got to be the most sombre and depressing article i’ve read in many moons. Why? Because its true. All of it.

Fast forward to the present and it would be very hard for any graduate to follow my act without substantial help from their parents. No, I wasn’t from the privileged class and I didn’t get a leg-up from my parents, save for the education they gave me. Present day graduates start their working life at RM1800 to RM2000 a month, not a lot of difference from 25 years ago but prices of everything have tripled and quadrupled. A hawker meal now cost RM5 (drinks extra), prices of cars and houses have grossly outpaced income and there are new expenses like toll, hand phones, Astro and internet. Our ringgit has depreciated against foreign currencies making consumer goods and overseas travel more expensive. To put it simply, real income has declined.

If its this bad for us of this generation now, imagine how bad it’ll be for the next. Unless we do something about it.

Blaming this on BN’s corruption is convenient (while arguably also being true). I’m not yet convinced, as some others are, that simply voting in an alternative Government in GE13 will make that much of a difference. Of course, i’m ready to be proven wrong on that point, but my gut tells me that there is something systemically wrong with Malaysia for us to have gone down this path. Something that can’t be voted away; a devil in different clothes is still the devil.

Could it be policy errors, has Malaysia focused on the wrong things over the years? The reason why Taiwan, Singapore and South Korea has taken such awesome strides in the last 2 decades could be a result of their economic policies — they focused on financial services (Singapore) and high-technology industrialization (Taiwan and South Korea). While we were stuck with crops and agriculture and tin. We did well when the world needed those things in abundance (circa 1960s-70s-early 80s), but when the rest of the world moved on, did we follow?

Are we making the same mistakes now with our reliance on oil and gas to fuel (pun intended) our economy? I don’t know how much longer that source of income will last, but it can’t be forever, probably not even through my lifetime. What do we do when that runs out too?

Have our forays into high-tech like the MSC or high-industrialization like the automobile industry been in vain? In principle, probably not. After all, it worked elsewhere, why wouldn’t it work in Malaysia? Good ideas are good ideas but its also true that no good idea survives when starved of a solid supporting framework. And, to me, that’s what we’ve missed the boat on.

How good is our human capital? The first thing a manager is taught is that your people are your company’s life. You are only as good as your worst employee. The same must be true of a country. We are only as good as our worst citizen. Sadly, they’ve been just too many of those.

It’s not their fault, not entirely anyways. This is where government comes in, the investment in the human capital of a nation is probably the highest priority of any developing nation, and that’s been our greatest failure. Singapore did it. Taiwan, Korea, and even China today is doing it. 

Development of human capital means education. It means taking the roots of the country, our children, and giving them mental fortitude and strength to carry the nation on their shoulders. We didn’t do any of this. The school system, fragmented by the need to have national schools, non-national schools, chinese schools, madrasahs (islamic schools), and everything in between is a mess of epic proportions. By trying to cater to everyone, we end up helping no one. 

The syllabus is poor (you can’t expect ill-qualified teachers to teach something beyond their own capacity to understand), the curriculum subject to political whims (English should have been made the language of at least half the subjects in schools) and the bar constantly being shifted in order to ensure a good Ministry of Education report card (doesn’t it concern anyone that straight “A” SPM students can hardly speak English, fail their university Matriculation and do poorly at international-standard exams such as GCE?). 

Compare this to what a world-class education looks like: 

The following minimum courses of study in mandatory subjects are required in nearly all U.S. high schools:

    • Science (usually two years minimum, normally biology, chemistry and physics)
    • Mathematics (usually two years minimum, normally including algebra, statistics, geometry, algebra II, and/or precalculus/trigonometry)
    • English (usually four years minimum, including literature, humanities, composition, oral languages etc.)
    • Social sciences (usually three years minimum, including various history, government/economics courses)[30]
    • Physical education (at least one year)

Common types of electives include:

    • Computers (word processing, programming, graphic design)
    • Athletics (cross country, football, baseball, basketball, track and field, swimming, tennis, gymnastics, water polo, soccer, wrestling, cheerleading, volleyball, lacrosse, ice hockey, field hockey, boxing, skiing/snowboarding)
    • Publishing (journalism/student newspaper, yearbook/annual, literary magazine)
    • Performing Arts/Visual Arts, (choir, band, orchestra, drama, art, ceramics, photography, and dance)
    • Foreign languages (Spanish, French are common; Chinese, Latin, Greek, German, Italian, Arabic, and Japanese are less common)
    • Junior Reserve Officers’ Training Corps

Taught by, at the minimum, Master degree holders (with wages exceeding US$50k a year), the curriculum is designed to create a well-rounded student. Not everyone is a genius, and for those that aren’t, the education system prepares them with the skills they can appreciate. The truly talented are taken aside and fully rewarded and developed with courses that are meaningful to them. Compare that to Malaysia where teachers are under-paid, under-appreciated, under-trained. Where the good, the bad, the ugly students are all just lumped together — they all learn the same thing at the same pace, with a syllabus designed to train the lowest common denominator rather than being flexible enough to excite the brightest minds the nation has to offer.

Most importantly, their students are given the freedom and are encouraged to think. While ours? Programmed through rote learning at best, punished for thinking out of the box at worst. That’s what you get when life revolves around examinations and the ability to reproduce exact answers for objective questions. The world isn’t white or black, not even A or B, its certainly not a multiple choice question. 

We were never taught the difference. Look inside yourselves, you know it’s true. For those of you fortunate enough to study overseas, the truth is even more painfully obvious. 

The cycle continues into tertiary education. Far too few good teachers, far too many ordinary students who only know one way to study — swallow the textbook and regurgitate it when requested. It’s no wonder that our universities score so poorly every year on international scoreboards. A university full of weak students will never attract the best educators. Without the best educators, you won’t have research (thus those abysmal world rankings), and you certainly won’t have the development of good students. Of course, exceptions exist. But a country is built on backs of the masses, not it’s exceptions.

Then you get people in the workforce, a product of decades of poor learning. What do you expect then? A miracle? No, you get an average workforce, unable to compete with the best the world has to offer. The very best talent become frustrated and leave in search of recognition and a more challenging environment. 700,000 bright Malaysians working overseas with few wanting to return? If that’s not a damning indictment of our country’s conditions, then nothing is. An already weak, intellectually and talent wise, workforce becomes just that much more weaker without bright stars around it to act as motivators and role models. Then, lack of competition breeds laziness and a dearth of inspiration.

Then you get Malaysia. That’s our recipe. That’s how we arrived.

Seems like a lot to lay on the backs of a country’s education system, but that’s where the truth really lies. The roots of a nation make it strong or weak. The stronger the roots, the greater the tree. Education is the fertilizer of powerful roots. 

Scare stories of corruption, lies and deceit from the incumbent may bring an alternative government to power the next time we go to the polls. But until we get our roots right, there is only so far this country will go. 


17 thoughts on “Malaysia’s recipe for disaster

  1. I agree with you. education is key. Alt govt might not do anything. But 50+ years is enough. let’s give another a chance. Hopefully, the education scene will be revamped & not left to politicians to control.
    We are dumbing down across the board syllabus to widen the goalpost so MoEdu can score.
    Pls, get an actual educationist as the minister!


  2. I think what PR supporters will need to realize (i’m quite sure that many of them don’t realize it yet judging by comments on this blog and oothers) is that many of the constraints BN faced over the years will not magically disappear once PR comes to power. Hence my hesitation to be totally convinced that change for the sake of change will make a difference.
    In the realm of education, for example. There are a host of realities that PR will have to handle if they are going to follow through on the commitment to education as outlined in the Common Policies Framework.
    e.g. BM vs English use in schools. The truth is, the anti-English movement is significant; nationalist fervor can’t just be rolled over, not without great political risk or the investment of a lot of political will/capital. When PR comes to power, they will have limited political capital available to them — to expect them to blow all their guns on this issue would probably be unrealistic.
    e.g. Appointments of vice-chancellors. This is probably one of the single most important issues plaguing our universities today. While its expedient to say that such appointments will no longer be politically motivated, i suspect that the best talent will be hard pressed to be attracted to our local universities, at least initially. A vice-chancellor is the equivalent of a CEO. Do you really think that UM has the quality and history to attract a Bill Gates to take its helm?
    e.g. Syllabus in schools. Dismantling this will require years. Many years. You’ve got to train a whole generation of teachers. You’ve got to find a way to re-train the current teachers. You’ve got to re-jig the whole system of education to move away from rote learning to critical learning. I’ve spoken to educators on the ground, and the feedback is that its not the Ministry doesn’t want to change the syllabus, but it just can’t. Not in radical ways anyways, not without causing a huge uproar among the teachers, students and parents. PR will be faced with the same.
    e.g. School types, national, non-national. There can be only one type of school. MALAYSIAN. BN has stayed away from this issue due to the sensitivities it draws. It’s a lightning rod for a swift death, politically speaking. PR will not have much joy here either. Can you imagine DAP saying goodbye to its Chinese national schools, and PAS giving up their madrasahs? Not going to happen.
    Education, just like most other issues in this country, is not black or white. BN or PR. Or any other type of multiple choice question. To think that it is, just proves the failure of the system.


  3. Imagine…one day the Senoi come to power…and they insist that Maths, Science, Geography and even English Literature must be taught in Senoi….what will happen to that country economically, technically, scientifically, intellectually, medically, etc etc????…that’s where Malaysia is now…
    We lost it in 1972 when the die was cast for Malay to be the medium of instruction in schools…implemented initially by Mahathir, made worse by Anwar and truly cocked up by every PM wannabe..
    Malaysia, like Singapore had a world edge because by an accident / stroke of luck ,depending on how you view it…we were ruled by the British who gave the same language to the United States and Australia.
    Our 10A Malaysian kids will soon be sitting by the roadside with begging bowl in hand…


  4. Never said the Government is not responsible. Never said we shouldn’t change. In fact, i’m of the opinion that PR has a great chance to win the next GE.
    But as you’ll find on the VOI, its been my consistent position that change for the sake change is an uneducated move, based on passion and emotion, anger and hate.
    And that’s simply something i cannot prescribe.


  5. while other countries are pushing for excellence, the policy of this government is to push for MEDIOCRITY> Quality has no meaning. Just look at the roads/new highways being built. LKSA/NPE. Quality surface? Smooth ride? rain services/proton cars/collapsing stadiums/cracked buildings. Why is there a need to be mediocre. the answer is obvious. To ensure mediocre contractors/teachers/doctors/engineers/ can still get jobs and handouts


  6. Totally agree with that education is key. But to refrain from changing the government means that the rest of the things remain status quo. This is including education. By changing government, we may not see the change we want but at least there is hope for indirect benefits such as waking up all those sleepy heads in the civil service.
    For whatever good or bad that the current government did or the opposition trying to oppose, the worst is the meddling of education by politicians. We are in the 21st century and our education system is stuck in the early 20th. Heck, even the uniforms are forty years old. Why can’t they change that?


  7. Privatise the education ministry and no matter which government, it should not interfere with the policies set by this education body. My suggestion may seem outlandish, is it worth a thought at least?
    I support my suggestion for the following reasons:
    1) The rakyat should be made aware that education cannot and should not be politicised. Those who insist on mother tongue education should seek alternative means to teach their children, for example private tuition for mother tongue languages.
    2) Bahasa Malaysia is the national language and it will always be so, simply becasue it is provided for in the Constitution. Awareness that knowing or learning in Bahasa Malaysia alone is not enough to get by in this fast paced modern world.
    3) Learning in English is not going to erode our Malaysian identity in the least bit, in fact it will enhance it. This is evident from the fact that Malaysia was once a nation proud to declare that it’s citizens were bi-lingual if not multi-lingual.
    It would be political suicide for any government to tackle so it must be done without politics.


  8. The crux of the problem is the abandoning of the English language and our education system started to deteriorate rapidly from there.
    And who implemented these policies? BN/UMNO government. So with this, I don’t quite agree with you when you said by bringing in an alternative government may not solve the problem.
    We need an alternative government to correct the ills of Malaysia created by more than 50 years of UMNO/BN governing Malaysia. Their ill-conceived and fickle minded policies are to be blamed for the pathetic state of affairs in our education system.
    The result is we have local graduates who are no of reasonable employable standard. And where do they go? They join the civil service and the many GLCs. That explain the state of our civil service, which we all know is bloated and inefficient. Same goes for the GLCs who are suppose to drive the economy forward but they are bogged down with these graduates who contributes nothing but payroll expenses! Look at the PM’s department. I heard it has 40,000 staff. 40,000 staff?? That is as large as a typical MNC who generates economic activity and bring value to the shareholders.
    What does these staff in the PM’s department do? Makan gaji buta AND who is forking the payroll expenses?? The tax payers, that is you and me.
    So wake up. The best hope for Malaysia to move forward is to kick out UMNO/BN from Putrajaya. Then and only then Malaysia can move forward and the future, hopefully will be brighter for our children.


  9. I like the idea of privatization. But who will pay?
    Will the rural folk have access to good schools then, or will the private schools prefer to open their best schools in urban areas where the pay is the best, the parents the richest, and the teaching talent most readily available.
    Privatization works for many things. But not for the country’s education.
    On the issue of English in schools. Yup, BN made a mistake here. And they’ve tried to correct the error, only to be beaten back by Malay nationalists. Perhaps PR will be able to stand up against the Malay nationalists. Perhaps not.
    While its easy for us in our ivory armchairs to claim an easy moral victory against the ultra-Malays, i’m willing to bet that making good on that win with real results on the ground is something else altogether. The rural Malay, who can’t speak English well, afraid that if forced to compete in a language it cannot master quickly enough, he will fall behind — thats the reason BN made the policy u-turn on the English language. I’m not saying that PR would make the same mistake if they are in power, but i think its important to realize that the ability and opportunity to make the RIGHT decision is not as straightforward as we think.
    Its not hard to know what the right decision is. Political will, capital and opportunity are the drivers to make the right decision really happen. Unless you’re totally naive, you’ll understand that these three factors don’t always line up nicely in a row.


  10. You paint a bleak picture indeed.
    Privatization of education (a basic human right)is definitely not an answer. I, a parent of 2 wayward kids who have been through the private route and still are, have been disgusted by the sheer profit driven motives of our so-called private educators, who at the first sign of difficulties will try to drop our kids like hot potatoes so that they can swallow our non-refundable deposits.


  11. My elder daughter also said that her English teacher is hopeless, making gross grammatical errors all the time. I think the Ministry needs to be realistic in this aspect. Don’t take in Malays who are not very proficient in the language to be trained to be English teachers, just because there are Malays. Other races too, please make sure that they are truly proficient before chosen. Otherwise, you are destroying the nation in the long run.
    The same goes for the Malaysian universities. I have spoken to many young lecturers who pride themselves as “Dr” and are receiving a big fat pay of DS52 (Pensyarah Kanan), who does not even fit to be a DG41 teacher. It seems that in Malaysian universites, once you have a PhD, you will be emplaced in DS51/52 (Pensyarah Kanan), even though you are not “kanan” in experience and work. The “kanan” is solely based on paper qualification. I strongly feel that young inexperience lecturers should be at DS45 (very good already because school teachers need to have 10 years of experience before they are given DG44) when they have a PhD and show excellence in terms of teaching, research (and of course publications) before they are given DS52.


  12. UMNO/BN don’t have the political will to do right those things. So the best thing is to kick them out. I am beginning to suspect that you are a blogger funded by them. Your aim is to pain t a picture of helplessness for UMNO/BN and its not their fault for the current state of affairs in Malaysia.
    Let me put it to you point blank. UMNO/BN as the government of Malaysia needs to do what is right for the country. Not to play up to the ultra-Malay nationalists to the detriment of the future generations of Malaysians. They must remember the country belongs to Malaysians and not to a group of some ultra-Malay nationalists. Malaysia is for Malaysians.
    If UMNO/BN cannot do what is needed to stop the deteriorating conditions in Malaysia, they must go because they have lost the moral responsibility to govern Malaysia for Malaysians, not for a group of ultra-Malay nationalist.
    Our education system are the result of UMNO/BN lacking in political will to do what is right. Hence, the quality and caliber of school-leavers and graduates we have now.
    Our young are lacking in basic courtesy, lack of regards for others and very self-centered and selfish. No doubt the parents played a part in what they are BUT the education system and educators also play an important part.
    Just look at our educators. They themselves mostly are low in basic courtesy, no pride and interest for the profession they are in. So how can they properly educate our young? The racist remark made by the headmistress is one good and ‘fine’ example. I strongly believe there are many like her and many incidents have gone unreported.
    These educators are the product of our Maktab Perguruan. A joke.
    The case of the Chief MACC prosecutor are also one fine example of the current pathetic state of our education system promoted by the UMNO/BN government. A local graduate of very low quality can rise up to be the Chief MACC prosecutor. So what is the impression given to the young? That guy has tarnished the image of the local legal fraternity in the eyes of the world. No international law firms will now want to engage a local law graduate. I for one will not even consider a local university graduate especially from IIU.
    We are producing local graduates or rather human capital that cannot be exported abroad. All are made to be Jaguh Kampung only. Not that a being a Jaguh Kampung is bad, but the problem is the QUALITY. And this has an effect on the confidence foreign investors have on Malaysia. The recent low FDI indicates that the bad perception investors have not only on the national leadership but also on our human capital.
    And who brought this upon us? UMNO/BN. They are afraid to do the right thing for Malaysia. They are governing Malaysia for the ultra-Malay nationalist rather than for all Malaysians. The quality and caliber of our leadership has deteriorated rapidly over the decades. Tunku being the best UMNO ever and will ever have. Beginning from DR M, the national leadership has gone down the dumps. They have only self-interest to serve rather than serve for the good for all Malaysians. They are corrupt and occupied with enriching themselves.
    So UMNO/BN must go in order to solve the ills in Malaysia. They have had their chance..more than 50 years and look where we are now? Are we progressing? Definitely no. I rest my case.


  13. Safely,
    First of all, i take offense at your allegation that i’m a BN blogger. As you will notice from the VOI’s rich history of existence, i’m openly critical of everything and everyone. I wish i could say that i’m completely neutral, but i’m not — i admit i do have an agenda of my own which is to promote a culture of calm and analytical thinking. If we allow our emotions to make our decisions for us, we tend to make mistakes. Perhaps not all the time, but often when it matters the most.
    For those who are angry and resentful at BN or PR or anyone else, and you want to use your power as a citizen to express this feeling, that’s your right; the ballot box is open to you. You’ve arrived at your decision your way, i’ll arrive at mine through my own methods.
    What i will say is that my constituency has a PR MP, and i’m very happy with the work that he has done for us. A good person is a good person, regardless of their party. Let’s not forget that.
    Similarly, a good argument is a good argument, regardless of who makes it. The reverse is obviously going to be true as well.
    I think for me to question PR’s position on the things that matter to me is valid. The burden of proof is always going to be higher, to the rational mind at least, on the person proposing change. If you’re going to make a difference, you need to convince me how you’re going to do it.
    Malaysia is not a simple place to live in. We’re not racially or religiously or even culturally homogenous, and like many other developing nations, we’ve got a large disparity between the haves and the have nots.
    Some may argue that BN is to blame for that — perhaps you’re right. BN has done some remarkably nasty things over the years. And, in a democracy, if the majority of people find they can no longer stomach these things, then they will have to go.
    However, a change of Government does not necessarily mean a change of our country. It’s not as simple as that. Political powers regularly shift in two party system of the United States, roughly once every 8 years. America is still more or less the same it has ever been. Still starting wars, still got a huge budget deficit, still racially fractured. Similarly, Japan is another case in point — Governments change there as often as some people change their underwear, Japan is still Japan, still an Asian superpower, still unapologetic about WW2. Ditto France and their prevailing xenophobia.
    In the case of education in Malaysia, regardless of whom we have in power, we will still have the ultra Malays fighting for the place of BM in our schools, we’ll still have an education ministry with thousands of real people entrenched in the teaching principles that we (and by “we” i mean, those who are sufficiently enlightened) want to change.
    Someone once told me that PR doesn’t have a magic wand to make these problems go away. I agree. Removing corruption from the government, maybe yes. Removing decades of racial marginalization and education dogma, not so easy.
    If anything, what i’ve done is help manage the expectations of my readers. Should PR come to power, i daresay there will be many who will wonder why the country still feels the same; systemic change will take years, probably requiring several terms in power. If people know what to expect, they may be more inclined to give a new government the time they need to affect real change.
    The last thing i want to address you on is a symptom i see very common in people on either side of the political divide: the tendency to speak in absolutes.
    The last thing you wrote was that Malaysia has “definitely” not progressed. I’ve heard the same from the other side as well: PR will “certainly” collapse.
    I won’t say that you’re wrong. But i’ll leave you with a story.
    I was watching Star Wars: Revenge of the Sith over the weekend, and one particular quote i found particularly interesting.
    “The Dark Side of the Force deals in absolutes. That’s not the Jedi way.”
    Perhaps there are things we all can learn from a fantasy show.


  14. I would like to add some thoughts on our education system.
    Among others, our universities are often blamed for producing graduates that cannot speak English well, who are unable to communicate well and do not fulfill the industry requirements.
    Let’s break it down. Our children spend 6 years in primary school, 5 years in secondary school and 2 years in a pre-university program (btw, why do we have more than one pre-unversity program?)
    On average, a bachelor program takes 3 years. When you take that into consideration, university education comprises less than 25% of a person’s education.
    Why then, are universities blamed for graduates that can’t speak English well, can’t communicate, and can’t think critically?
    During their 11 years in school, aren’t our children required to…
    – think,
    – communicate,
    – analyse?
    If after 11 years of learning English in school they still have a poor command of the language, I’d say there is something very wrong about the way English is taught in our schools.
    Over the past decade, I have seen university students who sit passively in lecture halls and tutorial rooms, expecting everything to be spoon fed to them.
    I see students are are unable to articulate their idea. Those who are able to do so are very few.
    I see students who are unable to think for themselves and form their own opinion.
    We have lecturers who graduated from top universities in US and Europe, but they are not miracle workers. It is very difficult to undo 11 years of zombie programming in 3 years.
    My opinion is that our entire education system must be revamped. Teachers must be recruited among people who are passionate about educating our children – not people who choose to become teachers because they don’t know what else to do (I have personal encounters with these characters).
    Personally, I wouldn’t send my children to a public school. I’d rather spend more money andsend them to a good private school than watch them turned into zombies.


  15. My thoughts:
    1. English is not the key. It may help, but lack of it being thought or spoken properly is not the reason our education system has gone to the gutters. Sure, one would sound very “kampung”-ish when one can’t converse properly in English. Saying that English is the MAIN reason education has declined is mere snobbish, IMHO. Look at the Japanese.
    2. Most of teachers nowadays are not properly trained. They became teachers because they couldn’t do anything else. The cream of the crop became professionals. So who’s left?
    3. I used to be a part-time teacher. I was shocked to meet 2 fresh grad maths teachers unable to do maths beyond FORM 3 level!!
    4. When in school, a newly freash grad teacher came in to teach add-maths (we were streamed based on add-maths, and our class was ‘Set A’). One class was already too much for her – she refused to come back after a battery of questions from students.
    5. Our education system is too rigid. There are more wrong answers than right. And every question has only ONE correct answer. A teacher once told me that apples com only in 2 colours. I argued that there was such a thing as a ‘golden delicious’ variety, coloured yellow. Got laughed at by the whole class. That was std. 2.
    6. Our main Universities are bent on ranking. And to get ranking, they concentrate on research. So, a lecturer (medical lecturer, as in my case), will need to attend to patients in the hospital, do research AND teach. But teaching outcome is not part of our KPI – nobody becomes a Professor based on being a good teacher. And sadly, the best researchers/publishers are bad teachers/lecturers.


  16. I got your article forwarded by a friend. I am always glad and happy to know there is another rational Malaysian out there. This also brings additional hope that our country really need.
    Personally, I strongly agree that education is the key for nation building. As a Chinese, I could see almost all Chinese’s parents around me are emphasize on the importance of their children education regardless of the education level they have. However, the sad part is the objective of majority parents is not to give their children a correct education (skill to learn, to analyze, to handle problem etc) but instead focusing on using the education as a mean to earn “big money” and becomes rich. Therefore, even though we have lot’s of Chinese parents that emphasize on education but this does not help much in raising up the quality of education in this country.
    As you might be aware if you observe closely, majority Chinese are very “realistic” or practical. They find the best and easiest path to move themselves or family up in term of quality of living (the definition of quality could be different but majority are focusing on wealth). If there is a “better” education scheme that allowing their children to complete the education faster and cheaper, they will pick that scheme. E.g. 3+0 degree in a local college.
    So, on top of revamping the current education system, there must be a part targeted on the parents to change their mindset.
    Another point that I want to make is BN government is not the only one to be blame for. We who voted the BN government in the past are part of the blame. And we who didn’t voice up the injustice or wrongdoing of the government in the past or support those who voiced up the wrongdoing, are the one to be blamed for the current situation (that means almost everyone especially most Chinese whom normally just care about themselves first than bother about others welfare). As a citizen, we all have the responsibility to make sure the government doing what it supposes to do, nothing more and nothing less. I think we failed in the past after the government misused their power and launched Ops Lalang etc. to silence all the intellectual with different views.
    I have lots more to say but I am not good at composing a message. If my comment looks very unorganized, I apologize for that.


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